Dachshunds have been around since the middle ages and are also known as 'sausage' or 'wiener' dogs. This small, long and low-standing breed is determined, with a bold and adorable attitude.
Origins of the dachshund
The dachshund originates from Germany, where their origins can be traced all the way back to the 15th century. The name "dachshund" translates as "badger dogs".
The breed's shape and bold attitude were developed to help them hunt and eventually fight badgers and other mammals. They were well suited to the task and were great at digging their way into badger's dens. They had the strength, stamina and courage. Packs of dachshunds were even used to hunt wild boar, foxes, deer, ermine, weasels and rabbits.
The dachshund has long been a national symbol of Germany but were brought to the U.S. in 1885. They increased in popularity in the 1930s and 1940s and remain extremely popular dogs to this day.
Dachshunds are named sausage dogs for good reason. They are small dogs, with long bodies and short legs.
The standard weight is anywhere from 7-15 kg, with a height of 8-9 inches. Miniature dachshunds weigh under five kilos, with a height of 5-6 inches.
They can be shorthaired, longhaired, or wire-haired. Their coat comes in a variety of solid colours or a combination of colours, including black, tan, fawn, beige, blue, chocolate and red. Life expectancy is typically between 12 and 16 years.
Dachshunds make great companions, lapdogs and family dogs. They can be quite protective and alert, making them excellent watchdogs.
Dachshunds have a tendency to be stubborn or defensive. They are also known for their tendency to bark. Obedience training can help them with these tendencies and even turn them into beneficial qualities. Loneliness can lead to excessive barking, so make sure you give them the attention they deserve!
As the dachshund has a strong hunting instinct, they may not be the best match for a household that has pet rodents! Saying that, they are good with other family pets but can get jealous when they want attention. They can even be possessive of their toys. Make sure to put a stop to the jealousy or possessiveness so that they don't become bad habits. Training will help them here.
Grooming dachshunds depends on their coat. The longhaired variety needs daily brushing, while shorthaired dachshunds have a higher shedding rate than the other varieties.
To prevent problems with their feet, give them regular nail trims. Keep an eye on their ears for signs of infection or mites.
Dachshunds are prone to developing obesity. To avoid this, make sure they get regular exercise. Take them out on walks (at least 10 minutes every day), play with them regularly and avoid overfeeding them. Feel free to ask your vet about your dachshund's nutritional needs. Click here to read about what food to give your dog.
As part of their nature, dachshunds can be hard to "potty train". But don't give up, they will get it! Be sure to use puppy pads and don't forget to top up your cleaning supplies.
25% of dachshunds suffer from intervertebral disc disease (when the spinal discs deteriorate, bulge or burst). This can cause significant pain for your pet and may even require surgery. Try to keep your dog from jumping up and down from the furniture and/or people and assist them when taking stairs. Again, talk to your vet about different things you can do to help manage this problem.
Do you own one of these gorgeous sausage dogs?